natural resource
distress to repay

Therefore, one must take care of the environment to ensure future development of agriculture. HYV seeds, however, needed plenty of water, chemical fertilizers and pesticides to produce best results. Higher yields were possible only from a combination. Of HYV seeds, irrigation, chemical fertilisers, pesticides etc. Farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh were the first to try out the modem farming method in India. The farmers in these regions set up tubewells for irrigation and made use of HYV seeds, chemical fertilisers and pesticides.

Some labour has entered the non-farm sector in the village. Working capital-Raw materials and money in hand are called working capital. Tools, machines and buildings-Tools, machines and buildings can be used in production over many years, and are called as fixed capital. What are the non-farm production activities taking place in your region ? The land available for cultivation is practically fixed. Therefore, to grow more from the same land is the only way of increasing production.

towns and cities

Farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh were the first to try modern farming methods in India. Modern farming methods also help to increase the yield per hectare. Multiple Cropping When more than one crop is grown on a piece of land during the year it is known as multiple cropping. Answer Yes, it is important to increase the area under irrigation because water is very essential for agriculture. Kareem has also employed educated and qualified computer teachers, whereas Mishrilal’s labour is mainly unskilled labour. There is heavy competition for work among the farm labourers in Palampur, so people agree to work for low wages.

d) Cultivating crops and rearing animals on the same farm.

But there is one constraint on it. Land area under cultivation is practically fixed. There has been no expansion in land area under cultivation since 1960. By then, some of the wastelands in the village had been converted to cultivable land. There exists no further scope to increase farm production by bringing new land under cultivation.

  • Most of the farmers in my region use modem farming methods.
  • E.g. In India, the first farmers to produce with the help of modern farming methods are of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.
  • They are, thus, able to arrange for the capital needed.
  • This surplus is brought Over to the market for sale.

It helps us to improve the farming pattern or adopt modern farming methods in those areas. Hence, I request you place it in front of the government, write – off the old loans and give them the new loans. I hope you provide immediate help to the farmers without loss to them to grow the crop this year. To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the same year is called multiple cropping. Some also used farm machinery like tractors and threshers, which made ploughing and harvesting faster. They were rewarded with high yields of wheat, increasing from 1300 kg per hectare to 3200 kg per hectare with HYV seeds.

c) Cultivating more than one crop on the same field each year.

The following table shows the production of wheat and pulses in India after the green revolution in units of million tonnes. Was the green revolution equally successful for both the crops discuss. Persian wheels were, till then, used by farmers to draw water from the wells and to irrigate small fields. People saw that the electric-run tubewells could irrigate much larger areas of land more effectively. Out of every 100 workers in the rural areas in India, only 24 are engaged in non-farming activities. There is a variety of non-farming activities in the villages.

They are put to great the most abundant factor of production is the loan, which is not so in the case of medium and large farmers. The production of wheat of the first farmer increased from 100 to 160. As a result the same piece of land would now produce far larger quantities of foodgrains than was possible earlier. HYV seeds, however, needed plenty. Some farming practices can, if used carefully and judiciously, certainly help in making land sustainable. Such practices include intensity of cropping, rotation of crops, multiple cropping, fallowing etc.

piece of land

Manufacturing-When with the help of few primary goods some other goods are produced, it is called as manufacturing. Mention the two ways of increasing production from the same land. Describe the work of a fanner with 1 hectare of land.

Answer

The first few tubewells were installed by the government. Soon, however, farmers started setting up private tubewells. As a result, by mid 1970’s the entire cultivated area of 200 hectares (ha.) was irrigated.

Labour is the most abundant factor of production. Production of goods and services is affected by 4 major factors- capital, labour, land, and entrepreneurship. There are four factors of production, namely, Land, Labour, Capital, and Entrepreneurship. 6 Journal Entries ques – Questions for practice of tally step by step.

AnswerLand in Palampur is fixed and 75% of the people who are working are dependent on farming for their livelihood. Since land is fixed and maximum people are dependent on land they are forced to cultivate small plots of land. The small farmers grow the crops just to fulfil the needs of the family. So, they do not have any surplus to sell in the market. Loss of soil fertility due to increased use of chemical fertilizers. Most of the small farmers borrow money from the moneylenders or traders to arrange the capital.

HBSE 9th Class Social Science Solutions Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur

Can you guess why mishrilal is unable to increase his profit. People migrate form rural to urban areas in search of jobs. The migrants of Gosaipur and Majauli perform labour work at the place of destination. They work in brick making units, as a labourer in building construction, they become rikshawpullers or work as helpers in shops and small restaurants. The following table 1.1 shows the and under cultivation in India in units of million Hectares. On the other hand, more than half the area of the village is covered by plots that are quite large in size.

They get their capital by borrowing from large farmers and village money lenders. They take loans from traders who supply various inputs for cultivation. They get from banks also but very less and rare.

Whereas production, of wheat has increased manifold over the years but production of pulses is- almost stable. Production of pulses has increased form 10 to 11 between the years 1965 to 2001. But that of wheat has increased from 10 to 70 between the years 1965 to 2001. Therefore, to grow more from’ the same land is the only way of increasing production. To grow more from the same land is possible only through well developed irrigation.

Ukraine Needs Community-Based Rehabilitation And Reconstruction – Countercurrents.org

Ukraine Needs Community-Based Rehabilitation And Reconstruction.

Posted: Wed, 03 May 2023 05:27:14 GMT [source]

Dairy, small scale manufacturing, transport, etc., fall under this category. Land, labour and capital are the basic requirements for the production of goods and services which are popularly known as factors of production. The expenditure on tools, machines and buildings is called as physical capital. Banks provide loans to self-employment purpose. People can get market facilities to sell their goods.

They are cultivating the remaining 52% of the land. As per the data, 87% of the total farmers, i.e. small farmers are cultivating only 48% of the total land. Mention the factors of production and explain any two of them. Many families in my region are engaged in milk production.

Antibodies to variable surface antigens induce antigenic variation in … – Nature.com

Antibodies to variable surface antigens induce antigenic variation in ….

Posted: Wed, 03 May 2023 10:36:36 GMT [source]

Modern farming method—It is the method of using HYV seeds, tube wells for irrigation, chemical fertilisers and pesticides for farming. The use of modern machinery like tractors and threshers helps in ploughing and harvesting faster to increase the production. In villages farming is the main production activity. Most of the people are ependent on farming for their livefihood. The well being of these people is closely related to production in the farms. The farm production depends upon the land area uqder cultivation.

Tejpal Singh agrees to give Savita the loan at an interest rate of 24 per cent for four months which is a very high interest rate. Savita also has to promise to work on his field as farm labourer during the harvest season at Rs 35 per day. The medium and large farmers have their own savings from farming.They are thus able to arrange for the capital needed. It is the most common way to increase production on a given piece of land.

Impact Of The Inflation Reduction Act’s Methane Fee Charge … – Gas Compression Magazine

Impact Of The Inflation Reduction Act’s Methane Fee Charge ….

Posted: Mon, 10 Apr 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

A part of the earning from surplus farm produce is saved and kept for buying capital for the next season. Another part may be utilized for lending to small farmers who require a loan. What can be done so that non-farm production activities can be started in villages. In the farming methods, traditionally they ploughed the field with ploughs drawn by bullocks which was a very difficult and time consuming process.

  • There are four factors of production, namely, Land, Labour, Capital, and Entrepreneurship.
  • Since land is fixed and maximum people are dependent on land they are forced to cultivate small plots of land.
  • Most of the small farmers borrow money from the moneylenders or traders to arrange the capital.
  • Nowadays people with some amount of capital can set up non-farm activities.
  • As a result the same piece of land would now produce far larger quantities of food-grains than was possible earlier.

Continuous use of groundwater for tubewell irrigation has led to the depletion of the water-table. Manure and cow dung are used to increase the fertility of the soil. Palampur has two primary schools and one high school. There is a primary health centre run by the government and one private dispensary where the sick are treated.

Manufacturing activities are carried out mostly at home or in the fields with the help of family labour. Wages vary widely from region to region and from crop-to-crop etc. Write any three differences between land and capital. “Many people belonging to SCs are discriminated in village.” Justify giving a reason. The continuous use of groundwater from tubewell irrigation has reduced the water table.

No comment

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *